Workshop theme: Sustainable Architecture
No of participants: 13
Age Group: 25-50
Duration: 5 days
Period: August 2023
Auroville, located in Tamil Nadu, India, is known for its focus on sustainable living and alternative building practices. Many of its housing projects embrace environmentally-friendly construction techniques that prioritise natural materials and local resources.
Participants got to learn about construction techniques which prioritise using earth & bamboo. They got hands-on experience in building various styles of earthen construction. They moulded bricks, constructed walls and experimented with bamboo. It got them thinking about possibilities of such housing construction.
They got to see and know the practicality and necessity of such models for our future, allowing us to tackle resources’ availability and increasing costs. This awareness convinced them that alternative housing construction techniques can be applied easily almost anywhere.
So what are the benefits of such practices?
Earth and clay-based construction methods, such as rammed earth, adobe, and cob, involve compacting or shaping layers of earth to create walls and structures. These methods utilise readily available soil, reducing the need for energy-intensive manufacturing processes associated with conventional building materials like concrete or bricks.
Bamboo is a versatile and rapidly renewable resource that can be used for various construction purposes, including framing, walls, and even roofing. It’s lightweight yet strong, and grows quickly, making it an attractive alternative to traditional timber.
A lot about successful sustainable construction often comes from open and airy designs that allow for natural ventilation and ample sunlight. These designs contribute to a healthier indoor environment and reduced reliance on mechanical ventilation and artificial lighting. They are spacious and breathable designs.
Using natural materials like earth, clay, and bamboo offers several advantages, including low environmental impact, carbon sequestration, and a reduced ecological footprint. These materials are also often biodegradable and can be locally sourced, supporting the local economy. The use of natural and locally-sourced materials aligns with sustainable construction principles, minimising resource depletion, reducing energy consumption, and promoting a more harmonious relationship between human habitats and the natural environment. This is a step forward towards sustainability and a cleaner environment.
Building with natural materials also leads to improved indoor air quality thanks to the choice of materials.. Unlike some synthetic materials, earth, clay, and bamboo do not emit harmful fumes or volatile organic compounds (VOCs), thus contributing to a healthier living space. While the natural materials covered here are breathable and help regulate temperatures by cooling them for tropical regions, one can also find natural materials that serve to insulate or retain heat. The beauty of natural resources is that indigenous materials are well suited to address local challenges.
These practices also come with a set of challenges. Here’s what you should consider before moving forward with earthen constructions:
While earth, clay, and bamboo construction offer numerous benefits, there are also challenges to consider, such as building codes, structural integrity, and protection against pests and decay. Proper design, construction techniques, and maintenance are crucial and these technicalities are touched upon in the workshop by the experts
Finding a workforce and labour for such projects is hard as most workers are trained in conventional buildings. Earth and bamboo construction require high skilled labour to do the job. Experts in this field are few hence the costs can go very high. This is a major reason people still prefer conventional brick and mortar houses.
Architects and builders in Auroville have successfully incorporated earth, clay, and bamboo into projects showcasing inspiring models of sustainable, eco-friendly, and community-driven development that prioritises the well-being of both inhabitants and the environment.
The participants got to see a few bamboo and earth huts that are fully functional and livable.